December 6, 2018 Notes

What to expect of Linux in 2019

March 7-10, 2019
Southern California Linux Expo (SCALE)
Pasadena, CA

April 26-28, 2019
LinuxFest Northwest
Bellingham, WA

SSD: how to optimize your Solid State Drive for Linux Mint 19

November  8, 2018 Notes

Poll results for: Linux User Groups (LUG's)

I currently attend LUG meetings: 97 (6%)

I previously went to LUGs but do not anymore: 211 (14%)
I have never attended a LUG meeting: 1202 (80%)

IBM to acquire Red Hat in deal valued at $34 billion

Linus Torvalds Interview

Ubuntu User Statistics

A Beginner's Guide to the Linux Command Line

October 11, 2018 Notes

- is a graphical Audio CD ripper and encoder for Linux. You can use it to save tracks from an Audio CD as any of WAV, MP3, OGG, FLAC, Opus, WavPack, Musepack, AAC, and Monkey's Audio files.
"sudo apt install asunder lame"

LibreOffice Getting Started Guide

LibreOffice: A history of document freedom

Open Port Finder

Microsoft Announce Enhanced Version of Ubuntu 18.04 for Hyper-V
- It takes just 3 clicks to get Ubuntu running on Windows 10 Pro

Optimized Ubuntu Desktop images available in Microsoft Hyper-V gallery

Run Ubuntu virtual machines made even easier with Hyper-V Quick Create

- is a free and open source cloud storage and collaboration platform that you can install on your own computer to have total control and privacy of your data. Apps are available Android and iOS.

Install Nextcloud with a Snap 

1) Perform a minimal Ubuntu 18.04.1 installation
2) Update Ubuntu
3) Install the Nextcloud Snap
sudo snap install nextcloud
4) Find your server IP address
ifconfig or ip a
5) If you use ifconfig you may have to install the net-tools package 
6) Open a web browser and type in your newly found IP address from above
7) Follow the Nextcloud admin account creation screen
8) Now enjoy a safe, secure and private home for all your data

September 6, 2018 Notes

A custom up-to-date Ubuntu Mate 18.04.1 ISO is available at the meeting.

In addition to the default Ubuntu Mate 18.04.1 programs; I have incorporated 21 additional programs into the ISO.

4K Video Downloader, Audacity, Chromium, Darktable,
Desktop Games (Card games, Mahjongg, Mines and Sudoku),
FileZilla, Frozen-Bubble, GIMP, Google Chrome, Google Earth,
GParted, Handbrake, Kdnelive, Oracle VirtualBox, Psensor,
Pinguy Builder, Remmina, SimpleScreenRecorder,
System Profiler and Benchmark, Synaptic Package Manager
and VeraCrypt

Samsung DeX Pad

• Turn your phone into a computer and use it as a touchpad to navigate the Galaxy Desktop
• Rich desktop-like experience complete with contextual menus, drag-and-drop functionality and multiple, resizable windows
• Fast charge your compatible Galaxy smartphone from the Galaxy S8 and up while you work to stay productive wherever business takes you

Plan your digital afterlife with the Google Inactive Account Manager

Google's "Deadman's Switch"
can be used in combination with a feature of LastPass in case of death. This will grant access to your digital life to a surviving relative.

LastPass - Set Up and Manage Emergency Access  

27 Interesting Facts about Linux
It’s Linux’s 27th birthday so here’s a list 27 interesting facts about Linux, its creator Linus Torvalds, and the impact that his “hobby” OS has had on the world we live in.

9 flowchart and diagramming tools for Linux

How to make a live Ubuntu 18.04 USB with a persistent storage of more than 4GB

How to remove old kernels in grub2, including files?


Snap Store - Install Linux apps in seconds

August 9, 2018 Notes

Linux Mint 19

Linux Mint Installation Guide

New features in Linux Mint 19 MATE

Release Notes for Linux Mint 19 MATE

12 Things to do After Installing Linux Mint 19

How to install Linux Mint on your Windows PC

July 5, 2018 Notes

, pronounced Manharo, is a Linux distribution based on Arch Linux. However, it is not a more user-friendly version of Arch. Its repositories are separate from Arch. It is a rolling release, meaning that it is updated continuously rather than being rolled out at pre-determined intervals like Ubuntu and other Linux distros.

The current version is 17.1.11
Download it from 

Some available desktop environments are
Manjaro XFCE Edition (17.1.11)
Manjaro KDE Edition (17.1.11)
Manjaro GNOME Edition (17.1.11)
Manjaro-Architect ISO
See more options at

To update system from the Terminal, enter: sudo pacman -Syyu
Proceed with update y/n?

Make sure to read each screen. Simply entering Y at all prompts won’t work.

GUI alternative is Octopi;

Manjaro User Guide 

Many familiar Linux programs are pre-installed by default.

Thanks to Ralph Sutter for the notes above and the Manjaro Demo.

How to Mount and Use an exFAT Drive on Ubuntu Linux

Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) or its version 2.x variant, Unified EFI (UEFI) 

UEFI Installing - Tips

The California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 

"I have nothing to hide":
Threats to privacy in our society and how to protect yourself running your own cloud

What’s new with Ubuntu?
Orv Beach, Training Chair, Southern California Linux expo – SCALE

Hacker News

June 7, 2018 Notes

Slax Linux

UN = root
PW - toor

You Can Now Create Your Own Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Live System with Pinguy Builder

Pinguy Builder For *buntu 17.04/17.10/18.04

Pinguy OS

Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Yoga (3rd Gen)

AVADirect Custom Computers - Clevo N141WU

Best Linux applications (2018) 

How To Check Ubuntu Version and Other System Information
lsb_release -a

Generate a Battery Report:
upower -i /org/freedesktop/UPower/devices/battery_BAT0

powercfg /batteryreport /output C:\Users\alan\Desktop\battery_report.html
Replace "alan" with your username

May 10, 2018 Notes

- Free Listing of Alpha Quality Tutorials with Virtual Environment

Let's Encrypt
- is a free, automated, and open Certificate Authority.

GIMP 2.10 Is Finally Here! Here’s How to Install it on Ubuntu

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) 2.10.0 Snap

My Photographic Journey to Open Source

gksu Removed From Ubuntu, Here’s What You Can Use Instead
gedit admin:///etc/default/apport

California Consumer Privacy Act

- We’re setting the new standard of trust online, empowering people to take control of their information.

Bangs allow you to search on thousands of sites, directly.

Terms of Service – Didn’t Read

Announcing the fastest, privacy-first consumer DNS service

Private Internet Access Review

Detailed VPN Comparison Chart

Best Buy Hit by [24] Data Breach

The incident began on Sept. 26, and was discovered and contained on Oct. 12, 2017.

Best Buy Statement on [24] Cyber Incident

Updates on [24] Cyber Incident

More information on the web

April 5, 2018 Notes

Private Internet Access (PIA) goes Open Source

- The handheld keyboard and mouse computer input device. 

are universal containerized software packages that are simple to create and install. They auto-update and are safe to run. And because they bundle their dependencies, they work on all major Linux systems without modification.

Find snaps for Linux

Some snaps...

LibreOffice - is a powerful office suite including word processing and creation of spreadsheets, slideshows and databases.

Pencilsheep - is a free professional image editor with full GPU acceleration.

Remmina is a remote desktop client. 

Skype - instant message, voice or video call – all for free, no matter what device they use Skype on. Skype is available on phones, tablets, PCs, Macs and Linux.

Spotify - Stream the tracks you love instantly, browse the charts or fire up readymade playlists in every genre and mood. Radio plays you great song after great song, based on your music taste. Discover new music too, with awesome playlists built just for you. 

VLC - is the VideoLAN project's media player. VLC plays every multimedia file and streams.

March 15, 2018 Notes

2018 Southern California Linux Expo (SCaLE) Report

Microsoft headlined a major Linux conference
- Bryan Lunduke

Microsoft is buying control of Linux
- Bryan Lunduke

Microsoft to make Ubuntu a first-class guest under Hyper-V

Microsoft and Canonical to Offer Enhanced VM Experiences for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Sneak Peek: Taking a Spin with Enhanced Linux VMs

FEBRUARY 8, 2018 Notes

Diagramming You Network:

Ralph's current network

Ralphs network notes, etc.

Programs to diagram your network:


yEd Graph Editor

LibreOffice - Draw

Dia Diagram Editor

Install Ubuntu on your Chromebook

Ubuntu MATE 17.10 by Joshua Allen Holm

MATE Desktop Environment

XPS 13 Developer Edition — the 7th gen is here!
Don't get confused... This is the 7th gen Dell XPS 13 using the Intel 8th Gen CPU.

Dell Systems Developed by and for Developers

JANUARY  11, 2018 Notes

Ranch WIFI
- Bringing true high speed internet to the rural fringe.

- The best value all-in-one 1080p HD smart home camera.

WyzeCam Review: the best security camera $20 can buy

WyzeCam Review and Rating

WyzeCam 1080p
- Amazon

Blink Home Security

January 1, 2018 Avila Beach Polar Bear Plunge

Lenovo Yoga 920
- I needed a replacement device for a variety of aging portable laptop devices ranging from years 2012, 2013 and 2014. My go to everyday devices are still the iPhone 10 and the 2017 iPad Pro 12.9 tablet. I still have a variety of Windows 10 and Linux desktop and servers at home.

Fix Windows and Linux Showing Different Times When Dual Booting